Ways to Reduce Cancer Risk with Lifestyle Changes

Dear readers,

Unfortunately, there is no formula to grow today. Despite a perfect and attentive healthy life, people can get cancer. Genetic features play an important role in its development.

However, it should be known that all cancers in adults can be lived with a lifestyle and the risk can be reduced with a careful life.

It has good and bad options that are widely accepted scientifically for your life. You will find some options in this brochure. By applying healthy suggestions and getting rid of unhealthy ones, you have done your best for a longer and quality life. We also know that no matter what we do, we are at risk of cancer, it is not possible to prevent cancer, but find other screening protocols for early diagnosis by age and gender in this brochure.

I wish you healthy days.

Prof. Dr. Ercüment Tekin

Breast Surgery

Dear readers,

Unfortunately, today there is no magic formula to prevent cancer. Despite a perfect and attentive healthy life, people can get cancer. Genetic features play an important role in cancer development.

However, it should be known that one third of all cancers in adults are related to lifestyle and the risk can be reduced with a careful lifestyle.

You have good and bad choices for your life that are widely accepted scientifically. You will find some options in this brochure. By applying healthy suggestions and getting rid of unhealthy ones, you will do your best for a longer and quality life. We also know that no matter what we do, we are at risk of getting cancer, it is not completely possible to prevent cancer, but you will find recommended screening protocols for early diagnosis by age and gender in this brochure.

I wish you healthy days.

Prof. Dr. Ercüment Tekin

Breast Surgery

Avoid Tobacco

The first and most important step to be taken to avoid cancer is to stay away from tobacco and tobacco products.

Lung cancer causes thousands of deaths each year, and most deaths are related to smoking. Smoking is not only effective in lung cancer formation. It is known that tobacco products are effective in many cancer occurrences and it is generally thought to be responsible for 30% of all cancer deaths.

It is ideal to quit smoking, but if you cannot quit completely, your first step should be to reduce it, to minimize it as much as possible. According to a study conducted in 2010; It is ideal to quit, but for those who can not quit, the risk of lung cancer has decreased by 27%, with a daily cigarette consumption of around 20 and less than 10 cigarettes a day. If not, mitigation may be the first step, but the goal should be to get rid of it.

Not only smokers, but also those who live close to them carry the risk of smoking. This group is called passive smoker. This innocent group must protect itself. Should stay away from smokers and smoking areas. In fact, it is the duty of the states to protect this innocent group from the bad effects of smoking. Especially children must be protected, it is not enough just not to smoke with them. Although their parents do not smoke with them, they carry toxic substances to their children in their bodies.

Quit Smoking, Protect Yourself and Your Children !!!

Get Rid of Your Extra Weight, Don’t Be Fat

Having a normal weight reduces your risk of getting cancer.

Excess weight is very important for heart disease, but it is also an important factor that increases the risk of cancer. 14% of cancer deaths are related to obesity. Being overweight increases the risk of especially esophagus, pancreas, gallbladder, breast, uterine and kidney cancer.

Underweight, overweight and obesity are decided according to the Body Mass Index (BMI) in adults.

BMI = kg / m2 is a value obtained by dividing body weight (kg) by the square of height (meters).

Weak BKİ 18.50 altı
Normal BKİ 18.50 – 24.99 arası
Overweight BKİ 25 – 30 arası
Fat (Obese) BKİ 30.00 üstü

 

Be Active

Any physical activity is beneficial and reduces the risk of many cancers.

Play sports. Regular exercise removes many diseases and cancers from you, but practicing this is difficult for all of us. The more active we are in daily life, the farther we can remove cancer. Create opportunities for yourself to act. Walk, climb the stairs, and use all the opportunities that will allow your body to move in your daily life. Use less of the wonders of our century that prevent you from moving.

Even if you cannot do sports, use all opportunities to live active in your daily life. In this way, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing many common cancers.

Alcohol Increases Your Risk, Stay Away!

Low levels of alcohol, especially red wine, can benefit your heart health, but chronic consumption of any type of alcohol increases your risk of cancer. As alcohol consumption increases, the risk of cancer increases.

Consume Vegetables and Fruits from Nature

Especially vegetables and fruits that do not contain starch are effective in reducing the risk of cancer. Increase the proportion of herbal foods in your life. Vegetables, fruits, legumes and whole grains should make up 2/3 of the foods taken. The remaining 1/3 should be fish, lean meat and dairy products.

Avoid Stress

There is no direct evidence that stress increases the risk of cancer. However, there are indirect findings. Cancer is more common in people working in high stress jobs. In addition, stress is effective in increasing unhealthy lifestyle. As stress increases, more food, smoking and alcohol consumption are seen, which increases the risk of cancer.

Protect from the Sun

Skin cancers are the most common type of cancer. Excessive exposure to sunlight (ultraviolet rays) increases the risk of many skin cancers. Avoiding too much sun reduces the risk of cancer. It is important to be in the shade, to protect it with hats, glasses, clothing if it is to be in the sun, and to protect the exposed skin with creams that prevent UV transmission. Also, get to know your skin. Know and follow the formations that exist in your skin. Always consult your doctor for changes.

Examine your skin for skin cancer symptoms

You may have colored areas or moles on your skin and these can remain harmless for life. However, if there is a change in their shape, size and color, consult a doctor.

What should alert you?

Skin cancer can develop anywhere in our body. We should examine each other’s skin, which we cannot see, by doing mutual eye and skin examination in the family. Pay attention to these;

  • If there is asymmetry if the two halves of your ego are different from each other
  • If the edges are uneven, rough,
  • If the color contains more than one color and there are shadows,
  • If the size is greater than 6mm.
  • If the asymmetry develops, the edges become irregular,
  • If the color changes, if the size increases

Also

  • If a new mole develops that didn’t exist before,
  • In the presence of a non-healing wound
  • If itching or pain develops in the skin formations,
  • If bleeding, crusting or scaling develops in the skin formation

Consult a doctor immediately, it is very important to go to the doctor in a short time in the skin changes. It can provide significant benefits.

Learn Screening Methods to Detect Cancer Early

Get Your Regular Checks!

Depending on the gender and age of people, some types of cancer are more common and have a high potential to affect life. Screening protocols have been established to detect cancers that are common in societies early. Although cancer develops in people who comply with these protocols and have their examinations done, it is caught early and a longer life is ensured and losses can be prevented with smaller treatments.

American Cancer Society Guidelines for Early Diagnosis of Cancer

Breast Cancer

  • From the age of 40, annual mammography should be done and should be continued as long as the health condition is good.
  • Clinical breast examination (Doctor’s examination): Every 3 years at the age of 20 – 30 and once a year from the age of 40
  • Self-Examination (KKM): From the age of 20, all women should recognize their own breast tissues and be able to notice the change. If a change is felt, a doctor should be consulted immediately.

KKM should be done once a month and in the days after menstruation. KKM is not important for those who have annual regular checks, it may not be done.

In patients with a family history, genetic predisposition and different conditions, a personalized follow-up plan can be made by their doctors at an earlier age, more often or using different methods.

Colon Cancer and Polyps

One of these tests should be applied to all men and women from the age of 50.

Tests to find polyps and cancer

  • Sigmoidoscopy every 5 years or
  • Colonoscopy every 10 years or,
  • Barium column film every 5 years, or
  • CT colonography (sanalkolonoscopy) every 5 years

Tests looking for signs of cancer in stools

  • Annual stool occult blood examination or
  • Annual stool immunochemical test

In patients with a family history, genetic predisposition and different conditions, a personalized follow-up plan can be made by their doctors at an earlier age, more often or using different methods.

Cervix (Cervical) Cancer

  • Screening for cervical cancer starts after the age of 21. It should not be done before the age of 21.
  • Women between the ages of 21 and 29 should have a uterine cancer diagnosis test (Pap test – smear) every 3 years. If there is no special case in this age group, a new test, HPV test, should not be done.
  • Women aged between 30 and 65 should have a uterine cancer diagnosis test (Pap test – smear) and HPV test every 5 years. It is also sufficient to perform the uterine cancer diagnosis test (Pap test – smear) every 3 years.
  • Women over 65 do not need to be followed up properly. However, if there is a change in the pre-cancer period at any age, 20 years of follow-up should be continued.
  • There is no need for follow-up if there is no condition about cervical cancer in women who have had uterus removed.
  • Those who receive HPV vaccine should be followed up by their age group

In patients with a family history, genetic predisposition and different conditions, a personalized follow-up plan can be made by their doctors at an earlier age, more often or using different methods.

Endometrium (Uterine) Cancer

After menopause, all women should be aware that they are at risk of endometrial cancer and its symptoms. In the presence of any bleeding and spotting, a doctor should be consulted. Different follow-up may be recommended for some women due to their special circumstances.

Lung Cancer

A screening program for lung cancer is not recommended for non-smokers.

Screening can be recommended for smokers due to the increased risk of lung cancer. Screening may be recommended if the following criteria are present in the smoker:

  • 55 – 74 years old
  • If there is a smoking history of 30 packs or more per year.
  • Still smoking.
  • Has quit smoking in the last 15 years

As screening, cell examination in sputum, chest radiography and / or tomography can be performed. If you meet the screening criteria, talk to your doctor.

Prostate Cancer

Screening for prostate cancer is controversial. Men who are not at risk from the age of 50 should discuss this issue with their doctor and decide whether or not to screen.

If there is prostate cancer before the age of 65 in the family first degree relative (father or sibling), he should consult his doctor for screening from the age of 45. Screening is done by examining the PSA (Prostate specific antigen) level in the blood. Prostate examination can also be done with a finger from the anus.

Screening can be started from the age of 40 in those with early stage prostate cancer near the first degree.

  • Those with a PSA level below 2.5 ng / ml every 2 years
  • Once a year if the PSA level is 2.5 ng / ml or higher
    must be followed.

Cancer Health Control (Check-up)

Thyroid, oral, skin, lymph nodes, testicles, ovaries and non-cancer diseases can be investigated depending on the age and gender of the patient over the age of 20.

Take Care of Your Health, Reduce Your Risk of Cancer

  • Stay away from tobacco and tobacco products.
  • Try to be at a normal weight.
  • Try to do regular physical activity, be active.
  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Don’t drink alcohol, if you do, reduce the amount as much as possible.
  • Protect your skin from the sun.
  • Get to know your own body, consult a doctor in case of changes.
  • Know your risks and Family story.
  • Have regular health check-ups and screening tests suitable for you.